National Nobel Prize Day:
Celebrated on December 10th, every year. The day is to celebrate the prestigious Nobel prize.
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Why National Nobel Prize Day?
The day is to look back and honor the achievements of Alfred Bernhard Nobel, a Swedish engineer, chemist, inventor, businessperson, and philanthropist and his establishment of Nobel prizes in the year 1895. He is well known for inventing dynamite, an explosive made up of nitro-glycerine, stabilizers and sorbents. After reading his own premature obituary, he pledged his belongings to establish awarding Nobel prizes.
Nobel Prizes are awarded for excellent contributions for humanity with respect to Chemistry, Peace, Physics, Literature, Physiology or Medicine and Economics.
Nobel prize is considered as the most prestigious award of Chemistry, Peace, Physics, Literature, Physiology or Medicine and Economics streams.
Along with dynamite, Nobel is regarded for another 355 armament inventions; most of them were being explosives that includes ballistite and cordite.
Noble prize Day is an historical observance.
How we can Observe National Nobel Prize Day:
Explore more about the laureates who received Nobel prices for different Noble causes and commemorate them on this day. Use this hashtag #NobelPrizeDay to shower your gratitude. In addition, explore more about the history of Alfred Nobel and share the unknown facts about his life.
Interesting Facts About National Nobel Prize Day:
During the year 1888, a French newspaper published premature obituary with the title “The merchant of death is dead”. As he does not wanted him to be remembered as the “The merchant of death”, he bequeathed his property to establish the Nobel prize Award. In addition, he asserted through his will that his belongings must be used as a prize money to honor those who contributes to the benefits on humanity specially in the fields of physics, chemistry, literature, and peace, physiology or medicine . As per his pledge,his will executors, Rudolf Lilljequist and Ragnar Sohlman established a foundation named “Nobel Foundation” for organising the awards and hosting the ceremonies.
The first recipients of Nobel Prize for peace were Frederic Passy and Henry Dunant.The youngest to be awarded with Nobel peace prize was Malala Yousafzai.she was only 17 years old at the time of receiving the award. Wilhelm Röntgen, a German physics and a mechanical engineer received the first Nobel Prize in physics for his invention of X-rays. Marie Curie, a physicist and chemist is one of four people to receive the Nobel Prize twice in Physics and chemistry. In addition, she was the first women to be awarded with Nobel Prize. In spite of being nominated several times, an Indian activist, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi never received the award.
Nobel Prizes in Physics and chemistry were awarded by the “The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences”.
Nobel Prizes in Economic sciences were awarded by the “Sveriges Riksbank”.
Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine were awarded by the “Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute”.
Nobel Prizes in Literature were awarded by the “Swedish Academy”.
Nobel Prizes in Peace were awarded by the “Norwegian Nobel Committee”.
Right from the year 1901 to 2017, Nobel prizes were awarded to 923 laureates. The recipients of the award receives a Gold Medal, a diploma and a prize money of $1 million as of 2017.The prize is awarded only to the living persons, however, those who died in between the nomination and decision can be entitled to receive the Nobel Prize.
History of National Nobel Prize Day:
The first Nobel Prize was awarded On December 10; 1901.From then onwards, the Nobel Prize is announced on December 10 on an annual basis.