Observed on April 15th every year. The day is observed to pay tribute to the people died during the demise of the Titanic Ship in the Year 1914 and to review the Maritime regulations, which could have saved many, if had well established that time.
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Why Titanic Remembrance Day?
The Titanic Remembrance Day is observed to pay tribute to the people died during the demise of the Titanic Ship in the Year 1914 and to review the Maritime regulations, which could have saved many, if had well established that time.
Titanic, an Olympic class Ocean liner started its maiden voyage from England to New York on April 10, 1912 along with 1317 passengers and 885 Crewmembers. After four days of departure, it hit the Ice Berg when heading towards Newfoundland of ship time 11:40 pm, gradually broken and drowned in the North Atlantic Ocean by 2:20 Am while almost half of the passengers were still in the ship. Moreover, The Water temperature was below normal, which eventually led to the rapid death of the Passengers. Only 333 bodies have been recovered out of the reported 1500 deaths. Merely, in 1985, the debris of the Titanic was recovered in the Ocean and exhibited in several museums.
The Survivors lost everything that they had. They were helped by the public and Charities from all over the world. Several Women’s relief Committees have helped women in providing Clothes and several Private Trains took up the duty of leaving the Survivors to their relative’s house at free of cost.
Thus, the same day has been observed as an annual event to commemorate the lost lives.
How we can Observe National Titanic Remembrance Day:
Explore more about the demise of the Titanic and post the unknown facts using this Hash Tag #TitanicUnknown Social media. Let us pay our condolences to those who lost their lives during their Voyage. Please express your ideas using this hashtag #HOWTOAVOID to avoid such recurrence.
Interesting Facts About Titanic Remembrance Day:
The Titanic was designed in such a way, as a definition for Comfort and Luxury. It consisted of many features, including Gymnasium, Libraries, Swimming Pool, Cabins, High Standard Restaurants and Wireless Telegraph mechanism was implemented along the remote control accessible doors. conversely, it consisted, of 20 lifeboats that could afford only half of the passengers. in addition, unfortunately, the four out of the 20 were collapsed during the rescue. Finally, Titanic failed to secure almost half of the Passengers due to the inadequate number of lifeboats.
The Rescue operation is carried out on the basis of “Women and children first” Protocol. The difference between the survivors in accordance with gender is reported to be huge. Men died more than women did. Only 20% of the Men Survived whereas 50% of children and 75% of the women were survived. This greatest maritime disaster„ Which Costs a rough estimation of more than 1500 lives that includes innocent children, has created a huge impact on the improvement in Maritime Safety. As a forward step, International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, abbreviated as BOLAS was implemented immediately in the year 1914 following the establishment of several wireless communication mechanisms to prevent Operational Failures during the Voyage.
Despite of the Titanic demise, several songs, articles and movies taken based on its inspiration, kept the gigantic ship alive till date. The most noteworthy out of all is the movie “Titanic” starred by Leonardo Decaprio and Kate Winslet as Protagonists under James Cameroon’s direction, released in the year 1997 marks the remembrance of the luxurious ship.
The last living survivor of the miserable accident is Millvina Dean from England. She was hardly 2 months old and the youngest passenger on the Titanic. She boarded in Titanic along with her Parents and elder brother. She, along with her mother and brother were escaped with the help of Lifeboats. However, her Father did not survive and even his body was not identified. She was the sole eyewitness of the incident. She died of Pneumonia later in the year 2009 in England.
History of Titanic Remembrance Day:
The term “titanic” was derived from Greek, meant as Gigantic. RMS Titanic is the second of the three Olympic class ocean liners owned by White Start Line, a prominent shipping company. The First and the third were the RMS Olympic and 1-HMHS Britannic respectively. In spite of the increase of competitors, J.Bruce Ismay, the chairperson of White Star Line decided to challenge the rivals on size comfort, luxury rather than speed. Therefore, Thomas Andrews designed the Titanic and further built and completed on 2 April 1912 by Harland and Wolff shipyard. She was designed to accommodate 2435 passengers and 892 crew members.
Her Maiden Voyage was from Southampton, the United Kingdom to New York, the United States with 885 crew members and approximately with 1317 passengers. The exact number of passengers is unknown due to the last minute cancellation and without reservation, After her departure from Southampton on 10 April 1912, she was heading towards the west of New York on the 4rth day of travel in full speed where she hit an iceberg at 11:40 pm despite of the warnings from other ships regarding the numerous numbers of the iceberg.
Though it was ordered to stop the ship after spotting a huge iceberg, it became difficult to stop due to the full speed. Finally, after the collision, five of the compartments were broken and filled with water. Immediately Lifeboats were launched and women and children were carefully evacuated. After 2 hours 40 minutes of the accident, the ship gradually was split into two and drowned in the ocean. RMS Carpathia, a Cunard line passenger ship, arrived two hours later and rescued 705 passengers approximately.
since only 1317 Passengers were on board during the voyage, half of the Passengers were able to be accommodated. The number of Lifeboats could have been reduced if the ship had carried full of Passengers. Moreover, the lifeboats were only half filled during the evacuation due to the insufficient training provided to the officers in case of emergency. She tried to signal for other ships but all the efforts went in vain since no ship responded to her including the SS Californian, which was only few miles away from the Titanic.
The Titanic was insured with Lloyds of London and the coverage was estimated to be 1000000 pounds, which is currently equivalent to 91000000 pounds. The same was received within 30 days. Charities and critics from various countries donated over 450000 pounds for the Victims and their families. William Alden Smith, An American senator, investigated to determine the root cause, which prevented the victims of Britain to return to their country that led to objections from England. Finally, the inquiry was concluded as “an act of God”. The High-speed Criticism was rejected by both of the countries.