National One Cent Day:
Celebrated on April 1st every year. The day, dealt with a one cent coin issued by united states in 1793 on the Same Day! To commemorate the issuance, this day is being observed!
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National Sourdough Bread Day is also celebrated on April 1st.
Why One Cent Day?
The day, dealt with a one-cent coin issued by the united states in 1793 which composed of 100% of copper and 13.48 grams in weight. To commemorate the issuance, this day is being observed! About the Cent, The coins consisted of a Liberty head with flowing hair on the obverse side and the word “ONE CENT” appears within the chain which is interlocked with 15 links on the reverse side. Thus also called Flowing Hair Cent.36, 103 coins were produced by engravers of a private mint approximately upon government approval and circulated in mid-1793 on the same Day. Thus, been celebrated as National One Cent Day.
How we can Celebrate or Observe National One Cent Day:
It is our responsibility to honor the engravers who produced the coins without the machine help. Let us recognize their work by trending this hashtag #EngraversNationalCentDay, #OneCentDay, #NationalOneCentDay for the upcoming National One Cent Day on social media.
Interesting Facts About One Cent Day:
Though the flowing hair cent coin was intended to denote an inspiration of Liberty, it is much criticized by the mob stating that the liberty head frightens and as the “Representation of slavery” since the interlinked chains said to symbolize the Revolutionary War era’s Fugio Cent that was supposed to be designed by Benjamin Franklin. Hence, the coin being not acknowledged. However, immediately the coin was redesigned and the central design figure was a wreath on the reverse side.
The Coin minted during the year, composed of 97.5% of Zinc and 2.5% of copper.
History of One Cent Day:
- The coin underwent several alternations from mid-1793 to present.
- Initially, it was named as Flowing Hair Chain which consisted of 15 interlocked links, due to its design, it faced severe criticism and redesigned as Flowing Hair Wreath and chain was replaced by Wreath. Thus named as “Flowing Hair Wreath”.
- Later in 1793, it was changed as “The Liberty Cap Large Cent” due to the dissatisfaction among the people over the previous designs. This design was a little bit more successful. The same design minted till date – 1796.
- In 1796, when the Congress came into the Power, a new design was ordered. However, the obverse design remains the same and the reverse design has three sets of design.
- The copper coin features a wreath and silver coin was depicted with a bald eagle. Commonly known as Draped Bust, Small Eagle and evolves high prices for minting. In 1798, Heraldic eagle replaced the small eagle and took a new name as Draped Bust, Heraldic Eagle. Since these coins were handmade, Variations and errors appeared, but still was in circulation till 1807.
- In 1808, the liberty head was made with long, Curly hairs and surrounded by numerous starts. Later the head was completely redesigned and it featured with a curly hair plaited with ribbon. The design was in circulation right from 1808 to 1816 and the coin is known as Classic Head.
- During the year 1814, Classic Head was replaced with Coronet large Cent, Slightly altered in terms of the number of stars. And went through a series of changes right from the year 1816 to 1839 until the production was completely stopped.
- In 1839, The matron head were designed and the liberty was made to appear slimmer and youth and named as Braided hair and minor changes continued till the end of mintage and the same design lasted for almost two decades.
- In 1857, new Cents were released. Due to its enormous demand, People were in the queue and were furious in exchanging the pennies. Perhaps, hard copper-nickel alloy leads to increased breakage and therefore objections for the coin arouse. To overcome the objections, a new version of the Cent was released in 1858.
- In the year 1859, Indian Head Cent was designed with the Obverse side featuring the goddess of Liberty with Headdress and the reverse design consisted of a Wreath and a shield. In 1908, it was proposed to design a Lincoln Cent. Thus the end of the series began and Circulation stopped during the year of 1909.
- In 1909 to present day, Lincoln Coin is used. The obverse design features Lincoln and the reverse side appears with the value of the coin along with a Union Shield.